the Jewish community in Sandomierz was one of the largest and the most important in Małopolska (the southern part of Poland). Together with the Cracovian Quarter Kazimierz it received the privileges of royal protection from the King Casimir the Great. The synagogue was erected in the 17th century. In the 18th century the kahal building was adjoined from the north. At present there is a section of the State Archives in the building.